MARINE DEBRIS: BALLOONS – WHAT GOES UP MUST COME DOWN…
Two sisters, Chelsea and Danielle, grew up by a Florida beach. With their parents,they learned from an early age to collect rubbish from the beach and to keep it clean. When they were little, the problems weren’t so great. Gradually, the tide changed. Literally. And indeed littorally. As is a common experience with any shoreline these days however remote and unspoilt, all manner of debris washes in on every tide, from plastic straws to SPACE ROCKET FAIRINGS. There has been a massive increase in ‘single-use’ plastic items. Most of it will take years, decades or even centuries to decompose. And there are deflated balloons, with their strings.
A typical haul of a lot of plastic and several balloons from just one beach collection
As ‘business’ on the Florida beach increased, so it became clear that balloons were becoming a significant problem. The increasing popularity of mass releases of balloons at sports events, civic or institutional occasions, and smaller celebrations means 100s or even 1000s of balloons being released into the sky. In most cases they are filled with helium – a finite resource – which carries them high over the earth. Very festive. Then the problems begin. They get caught in thermals, winds and crosswinds, gales and storms. Whether onto land or water, they all have to come down eventually. The problems caused therefore affect creatures inland, on the shoreline and out to sea.
Eventually the sisters decided to take action. They started a website BALLOONSBLOW.ORG, linked to a FB page. They post regularly about their beach clean-ups, now extended to other beaches on the south-west coast of Florida. They also produce balloon-based information sheets and flyers such as these:
I have a folder in which I keep some horrific images of incapacitated, dying or dead creatures. I use them sparingly because in the main they are upsetting. Almost every one of them involves entanglement in or ingestion of such materials as plastic, mylar, styrofoam, rubber or latex. Here are just 3 examples involving balloon strings – I’ll spare you others I have collected (e.g. a turtle that died trying to excrete the remains of a balloon).
I don’t have a down on ‘fun’ – and nor do Chelsea and Lucy I’m sure. But, now in their 20s, they have had years of direct hands-on experience clearing their beach and one can see why they decided to take wider action. From one area they have accumulated a vast collection of balloons that will take many decades to break down. Even then, the degraded pieces and micro-pieces will be eaten by fish, turtles and birds.
Here’s an illustration of the problem of creatures nibbling away at latex
The Delphi beach is very regularly cleaned up, of course, but there’s nothing that can be done to stem the arrival of debris large and small on every tide. Beautiful and remote though the one-mile curved strand may be, one cannot walk far without seeing plastic of some description. As a matter of interest, I tried a test: walking south on the beach in the tide-line, how long would it take to find balloon evidence? The answer was, less than 10 minutes.
The decomposition rate of various common items
The Balloons Blow website is constructive in offering festive alternatives to mass balloon releases, rather than merely chronicling the downsides. The balloons and other plastic junk mostly arrives from the western fringes of the North Atlantic Gyre, in the Sargasso Sea, where the trash gets caught in the sargassum and is eventually forced onto the shoreline by currents, winds and tides.
North Atlantic Gyre hotspot infographic
This post has concentrated on the dangers to wildlife caused by latex and mylar balloons that are sometimes claimed to be biodegradable but are not. There’s more to be said about plastic marine trash, but I’ll keep that for another day.
I am so glad to have stumbled on your blog! Thank you for enlightening the public about such a topic. It’s so sad and I will have to share this on my “green” blog soon. I’m visiting Treasure Cay, my first time in the Bahamas, early next year and would love to write about the wildlife down there! Do you have any suggestions?
Hi 365dtu, thanks for stumbling into Rolling Harbour. Maybe a good place to start for Abaco wildlife would be to check out the various menus & drop-downs on the blog and see what appeals to you and what you might like to investigate further to write about when you are in TC. There’s a wide choice – birds, butterflies, whales, dolphins, sharks, turtles, reef fish, corals, shells, plants, flowers. A wealth of creatures large and tiny. Or use the search panel (right sidebar near the top) and enter the wildlife that interests you most. Shorebirds? Warblers? Starfish? Lizards? It’ll take you right there. You won’t find so much info about Abaco in one place anywhere else, and there’s no general book (though a field guide is in the early stages). RH
Excellent post my friends, I agree 100% on keeping the oceans clean of garbage and balloons of course. I promise not have balloons for my birthday party! Great work! 🙂 Thank you!
Hey, it’s only balloon releases into the atmosphere that are the problem. You can stay with your birthday plans – just keep the balloons safely tied to your guests! RH
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Albeit sobering, this is a fantastic post, RH. Really appreciate your information, and the Balloons Blow awareness efforts.
Balloons Blow does a great job. They make positive suggestions for alternatives. There’s a wall of shame (boo!) and a wall of fame (hooray!) where they feature organisations that have changed their plans from balloon release. Two girls done good! RH
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